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Citation Management: Turabian

Tools for managing citations and quick help for generating citations.

Turabian Manual

Copies available for check out, in reference, and on reserves at the circulation desk.

Citation & Formatting Web Resources

These resources MAY CONTAIN ERRORS! Always check your results against the manual.

Two Types of Turabian

Turabian come in two different forms. Make sure you know which type of Turabian you are supposed to be using:

  • Notes-Bibliography -- a.k.a Humanities; Footnotes; Endnotes (Ch. 16-17 in A Manual for Writers)
  • Author-Date -- a.k.a Parenthetical; Reference List (Ch. 18-19 in A Manual for Writers)

Double check your syllabus, or ask your professor if you are not sure which version you should be using.

How do you tell the difference between the two?

Notes-Bibliography typically uses footnotes for citing a work that looks like this:

1. Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference (Boston: Little, Brown, 2000), 64–65.

Or,

2. Gladwell, Tipping Point, 71.

Author-Date makes the citation within the text, not in a note, and it looks like this:

(Gladwell 2000, 64–65)

What if all you see is the bibiliography or reference list entry? Look for where the date (e.g. 2013) is placed.

Notes-Bibliography puts the year at the end of the publication information, like this:

Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Boston: Little, Brown, 2000.

Author-Date puts the year right before the title, like this:

Gladwell, Malcolm. 2000. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Boston: Little, Brown.

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