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Citation Management   Tags: dissertation, instruction, theses, thesis  

This guide provides an overview of several citation managers, as well as a information on print and online citation guides.
Last Updated: Sep 29, 2014 URL: http://libguides.regent.edu/citation Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

Overview Print Page

What is a Citation?

A citation....

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item
  • gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism
  • enables the reader to retrieve the item you refer to
  • includes the author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date

A citation manager is a tool which helps you to store, organize and output your citations in the format you prefer.


Options for Citation Management

There are many Citation Management tools on the market today. Here is a list and summary of just a few. We will showcase several of the most popular cross platform products and list a couple of very good MAC products.

Which citation management tool is right for you? Here is a summary - see also the full comparison chart of most products from Wikipedia.


RefWorks ($$) is one of the easiest citation management tools to use. RefWorks is web-based for easy access from anywhere as long as you have an Internet connection. Using RefWorks, you can easily add citations to create your RefWorks library and generate bibliographies from your RefWorks library.


Zotero is also an easy-to-use open source (free) tool that is accessible via the web—it actually lives right in your browser! Using Zotero, it is especially easy to capture and save citations found on webpages, and to add notes and other information to saved citations for efficient and creative organization.


EndNote ($$$) is a very sophisticated citation manager that offers the largest number of citation formats and options. The files reside on the computer which does not make it dependent on an internet connection; it does offer a basic but less functional Web based option; it is considered more difficult to learn and use.


Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research. Automatically generate bibliographies, collaborate easily with other researchers online, easily import papers from other research software, find relevant papers based on what you’re reading, access your papers from anywhere online, read papers on the go, with their new iPhone app, etc..


Sente 6  (MAC) $$ is the next-generation academic reference manager. Sente helps you find, organize, review and cite the academic literature in your field, and it does it in ways that you have probably not thought possible before. Sente also helps you build and maintain your library of PDF files for these references, because having ready access to the full text of important articles can be critical. Sente also excels at properly formatting bibliographies in your papers, but you probably already knew that.


Papers2  (MAC) $$ You find, download, archive, and organize all your articles within a single application. But that is just the start, using spotlight you instantly find back the paper you are looking for. Read it fullscreen, add your notes, send a copy to a colleague. These are just a few of the many features that after using them yourself you will never want to give up again.

Reference Librarian

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Jason Stuart


This template used for this guide was originally created by Jason Bernard, Research & Instruction Librarian at Brandeis University.


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